known by the nickname of Aunt Truus, supported the Dutch resistance in the run-up to World War II and thereafter as co-ordinator of humanitarian aid and refugee relief. She organised the timely evacuation of many Jewish children from Nazi territory. Truus Wijsmuller was born on April 21, 1896 at Mient nr. 14, Alkmaar. Between December 1938 and the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, she organized children’s evacuation transports several times a week, mainly to England, but also to the Netherlands and later on to Belgium and France. Supported by Jewish, English and Dutch organizations, Truus saved the lives of some 10,000 children from Germany, Austria, Poland and the Czech Republic. Via Hook of Holland they traveled to the United Kingdom, and from there to other safe countries. Many found refuge in the United States and later in Israel. During the war, she continued to aid Jews and other persecuted people. In Scandinavia, Belgium and France she worked to re-unite parents and children who had been separated by the war, organized emigration transport and participated in relief operations. She was arrested and released. During the winter famine of 44-45, through her mediation, hundreds of Amsterdam children were able to survive the war in Enkhuizen and Friesland.